Return to the list
Bulgaria - Final Regulatory Action
2,4,5-T and its salts and esters CAS number:
93-76-5 (*)
Date circular:

Chemical name: Acetic acid, (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)-

Final regulatory action has been taken for the category: Pesticide

Final regulatory action: The chemical is Banned

Use or uses prohibited by the final regulatory action:

All formulations and uses are prohibited.

Pesticide use or uses that remain allowed:


The final regulatory action was based on a risk or hazard evaluation: No

Summary of the final regulatory action:

It is prohibited to production, use and place on the market all plant protection products containing 2,4,5-T according to annual adopted list of active ingredients banned for use in plant protection products under lant Protection Act. The chemical is designated as a PIC chemical. (Annex I of the Regulation on the import and export of certain dangerous chemicals on the Bulgarian territory). The import and use of the chemical for research or laboratory purposes in quantities less than 10 kg are allowed.

The reasons for the final regulatory action were relevant to: Human health and environment

Summary of known hazards and risks to human health:

2,4,5-T is prohibited to use and place on the market for reasons of adverse effects in humans, because of high toxicity of the 2,3,7,8-TCDD contaminant, which has been found to be carcinogenic and teratogenic. 2,4,5-T is a pesticide classified by WHO as obsolete. Applicators and general public are exposed to potential dangers of the product through inhalation and ingestion. It is a potential water contaminant.

Expected effect of the final regulatory action in relation to human health:

Decrease of hazards and risks to human health.

Summary of known hazards and risks to the environment:

2,4,5-T is phytotoxic for almost all wide leave vegetables especially for cotton, tomatoes, ornamentals, vineyards and fruits trees. The compound is long-persistent and has environmental effects, bioaccumulation potential and forms highly toxic substances upon thermolysis. In general, the long-term environmental impact of 2,4,5-T can be considered low but increases with the level of TCDD impurity. May cause contamination of rivers and streams.

Expected effect of the final regulatory action in relation to the environment:

To avoid and reduce exposure, hazards and risks of the chemical to the environment.

Date of entry into force of the final regulatory action: 01/01/2004