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Canada - Final Regulatory Action
Ethylene dichloride CAS number:
Date circular:

Chemical name: Ethane, 1,2-dichloro-

Final regulatory action has been taken for the category: Pesticide

Final regulatory action: The chemical is Severely Restricted

Use or uses prohibited by the final regulatory action:

All formulations prohibited from import, sale or use.

Pesticide use or uses that remain allowed:


The final regulatory action was based on a risk or hazard evaluation: Yes

Summary of the final regulatory action:

Pesticide: all pest control uses suspended in February 1984.

The reasons for the final regulatory action were relevant to: Human health

Summary of known hazards and risks to human health:

Acute ingestion or inhalation of ethylene dichloride causes damage to the heart, central nervous system (CNS), liver, kidneys, and lungs. Acute inhalation exposure results in clouding of the cornea, eye irritation, neurotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, hepatoxic effects, respiratory distress, cardiac arrhythmia, nausea, and vomiting. Chronic inhalation results in kidney and liver effects. Animal studies have shown a reduced ability to fight infection and have reported CNS effects following chronic ingestion of ethylene dichloride. Inhalation studies of rats reported decreased fertility, increased incidence of testicular lesions, and increased embryo mortality. Animal studies show ethylene dichloride causes a variety of tumours following ingestion, inhalation or dermal exposure. Ethylene dichloride is a probable human carcinogen.

Expected effect of the final regulatory action in relation to human health:

Chemical no longer registered for pest control use in Canada.

Date of entry into force of the final regulatory action: 31/12/1985