Rotterdam Convention •Parties

Ratifications

Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for
Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade

Rotterdam, 10 September 1998

 
Entry into force: 24 February 2004 in accordance with article 26 which reads as follows: "1. The Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. 2. For each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or regional economic integration organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. 3. For the purpose of paragraphs 1 and 2, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization.".
Registration: 24 February 2004, No. 39973.
Status: Signatories: 73 ,Parties: 1431.
Texte: Doc. UNEP/FAO/PIC/CONF/5; C.N.846.2002.TREATIES-8 of 20 August 2002 (proposal of corrections to the original English text of the Convention); C.N.1029.2002.TREATIES-18 of 23 September 2002 (correction to the original English text of the Convention); C.N.10.2005.TREATIES-1 of 11 January 2005 (Adoption of Annex VI); C.N.11.2005.TREATIES-2 of 11 January 2005 (Amendments to Annex III).2,3

 
Participant Signature Ratification, Acceptance (A), Approval (AA), Accession (a)
Albania   9 Aug 2010 a
Angola 11 Sep 1998  
Antigua and Barbuda   23 Aug 2010 a
Argentina 11 Sep 1998 11 Jun 2004
Armenia 11 Sep 1998 26 Nov 2003
Australia 6 Jul 1999 20 May 2004
Austria 11 Sep 1998 27 Aug 2002
Barbados 11 Sep 1998  
Belgium 11 Sep 1998 23 Oct 2002
Belize   20 Apr 2005 a
Benin 11 Sep 1998 5 Jan 2004
Bolivia   18 Dec 2003 a
Bosnia and Herzegovina   19 Mar 2007 a
Botswana   5 Feb 2008 a
Brazil 11 Sep 1998 16 Jun 2004
Bulgaria   25 Jul 2000 a
Burkina Faso 11 Sep 1998 11 Nov 2002
Burundi   23 Sep 2004 a
Cameroon 11 Sep 1998 20 May 2002
Canada   26 Aug 2002 a
Cape Verde   01 Mar 2006 a
Chad 11 Sep 1998 10 Mar 2004
Chile 11 Sep 1998 20 Jan 2005
China4  5 24 Aug 1999 22 Mar 2005
Colombia 11 Sep 1998 3 Dec 2008
Congo 11 Sep 1998 13 Jul 2006
Cook Islands   29 Jun 2004 a
Costa Rica 17 Aug 1999 13 Aug 2009
Côte d´Ivoire 11 Sep 1998 20 Jan 2004
Croatia   16 Nov 2007 a
Cuba 11 Sep 1998 22 Feb 2008
Cyprus 11 Sep 1998 17 Dec 2004
Czech Republic 22 Jun 1999 12 Jun 2000
Democratic People's Republic of Korea   6 Feb 2004 a
Democratic Republic of the Congo 11 Sep 1998 23 Mar 2005
Denmark 6 11 Sep 1998 15 Jan 2004
Djibouti   10 Nov 2004 a
Dominica   30 Dec 2005 a
Dominican Republic   24 Mar 2006 a
Ecuador 11 Sep 1998 4 May 2004
El Salvador 16 Feb 1999 8 Sep 1999
Equatorial Guinea   7 Feb 2003 a
Eritrea   10 Mar 2005 a
Estonia   13 Jun 2006 a
Ethiopia   9 Jan 2003 a
European Union 11 Sep 1998 20 Dec 2002 AA
Finland 11 Sep 1998 4 Jun 2004 A
France 11 Sep 1998 17 Feb 2004 AA
Gabon   18 Dec 2003 a
Gambia   26 Feb 2002 a
Georgia   27 Feb 2007 a
Germany 11 Sep 1998 11 Jan 2001
Ghana 11 Sep 1998 30 May 2003
Greece 11 Sep 1998 23 Dec 2003
Guatemala   19 Apr 2010 a
Guinea   7 Sep 2000 a
Guinea-Bissau 10 Sep 1999 12 June 2008
Guyana   25 Jun 2007 a
Hungary 10 Sep 1999 31 Oct 2000
India   24 May 2005 a
Indonesia 11 Sep 1998  
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 17 Feb 1999 26 Aug 2004
Ireland   10 Jun 2005 a
Israel 20 May 1999  
Italy 11 Sep 1998 27 Aug 2002
Jamaica   20 Aug 2002 a
Japan 31 Aug 1999 15 Jun 2004 A
Jordan   22 Jul 2002 a
Kazakhstan   1 Nov 2007 a
Kenya 11 Sep 1998 3 Feb 2005
Kuwait 11 Sep 1998 12 May 2006
Kyrgyzstan 11 Aug 1999 25 May 2000
Lao People's Democratic Republic   21 Sept 2010 a
Latvia   23 Apr 2003 a
Lebanon    13 Nov 2006
Lesotho   30 May 2008 a
Liberia   22 Sep 2004 a
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya   9 Jul 2002 a
Liechtenstein   18 Jun 2004 a
Lithuania   17 Mar 2004 a
Luxembourg 11 Sep 1998 28 Aug 2002
Macedonia, the former yugoslav republic of   12 Aug 2010 a
Madagascar 8 Dec 1998 22 Sep 2004
Malawi   27 Feb 2009 a
Malaysia   4 Sep 2002 a
Maldives   17 Oct 2006 a
Mali 11 Sep 1998 5 Jun 2003
Marshall Islands   27 Jan 2003 a
Mauritania 1 Sep 1999 22 Jul 2005 A 
Mauritius   5 Aug 2005 a
Mexico   4 May 2005 a
Morocco   25 Apr 2011 a
Mongolia 11 Sep 1998 8 Mar 2001
Mozambique   15 Apr 2010 a
Namibia 11 Sep 1998 24 Jun 2005
Nepal    9 Feb 2007 a
Netherlands7 11 Sep 1998 20 Apr 2000 A
New Zealand8 11 Sep 1998 23 Sep 2003
Nicaragua   19 Sept 2008 a
Niger   16 Feb 2006 a
Nigeria   28 Jun 2001 a
Norway 11 Sep 1998 25 Oct 2001 A
Oman   31 Jan 2000 a
Pakistan 9 Sep 1999 14 Jul 2005 
Panama 11 Sep 1998 18 Aug 2000
Paraguay 11 Sep 1998 18 Aug 2003
Peru 11 Sep 1998 14 Sept 2005
Philippines 11 Sep 1998 31 Jul 2006
Poland   14 Sept 2005 a
Portugal 11 Sep 1998 16 Feb 2005 AA
Qatar   10 Dec 2004 a
Republic of Korea 7 Sep 1999 11 Aug 2003
Republic of Moldova   27 Jan 2005 a
Romania   2 Sep 2003 a
Russian Federation   28 Apr 2011 a
Rwanda   7 Jan 2004 a
Saint Lucia 25 Jan 1999  
Samoa   30 May 2002 a
Saudi Arabia   7 Sep 2000 a
Senegal 11 Sep 1998 20 Jul 2001
Serbia   31 Jul 2009 a
Seychelles 11 Sep 1998  
Singapore   24 May 2005 a
Slovakia   26 Jan 2007 a
Slovenia 11 Sep 1998 17 Nov 1999
Somalia   26 Jul 2010 a
South Africa   4 Sep 2002 a
Spain 11 Sep 1998 2 Mar 2004
Sri Lanka   19 Jan 2006 a
St. Vincent and the Grenadines   29 Oct 2010 a
Sudan   17 Feb 2005 a
Suriname   30 May 2000 a
Sweden 11 Sep 1998 10 Oct 2003
Switzerland 11 Sep 1998 10 Jan 2002
Syrian Arab Republic 11 Sep 1998 24 Sep 2003
Tajikistan 28 Sep 1998  
Thailand   19 Feb 2002 a
Togo 9 Sep 1999 23 Jun 2004
Tonga   31 Mar 2010 a
Trinidad and Tobago   16 Dec 2009 a
Tunisia 11 Sep 1998  
Turkey 11 Sep 1998  
Uganda   18 Aug 2008 a
Ukraine   6 Dec 2002 a
United Arab Emirates   10 Sep 2002 a
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 11 Sep 1998 17 Jun 2004
United Republic of Tanzania 11 Sep 1998 26 Aug 2002
United States of America 11 Sep 1998  
Uruguay 11 Sep 1998 4 Mar 2003
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)   19 Apr 2005 a
Viet Nam   7 May 2007 a
Yemen   4 Feb 2006 a
Zambia   28 Jan 2011 a
     

 



Declaration
 

 
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the text of the declarations and reservations were
made upon ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.)
 

Austria
Declaration:

The Republic of Austria declares in accordance with Article 20 (2) of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in Paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute."

Estonia
Declaration:
 
“With respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention, the Republic of Estonia recognizes both of the means of dispute settlement stated in Article 20, paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation.”

European Union
Declaration:
 
"The European Union declares that, in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Union, and in particular Article 175(l) thereof, it is competent to enter into international agreements, and to implement the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:
Preserving, Protecting and improving the quality of the environment;
protecting human health;
prudent and rational utilization of natural resources;
promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
Moreover, the European Union declares that it has already adopted legal instruments, including a Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council concerning the export and import of dangerous chemicals, binding on its Member States, covering matters governed by this Convention, and will submit and update, as appropriate, a list of those legal instruments to the Secretariat of the Convention.
The European Union is responsible for the performance of those obligations resulting from the Convention which are covered by the Union law in force.
The exercise of the Union competence is, by its nature, subject to continuous development."
 
Netherlands
Declaration:

“The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 20 of the
Rotterdam Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and
pesticides in international trade, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that
paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement.”
 

Norway
Declaration:

"In accordance with article 20 (2), [Norway declares that], with respect to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, it recognizes (b) Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice."
 
Republic of Moldova
Declaration:
 
According to article 20 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova declares that [it] accepts both means of dispute settlement, mentioned in paragraph 2 of the article, as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation.
 
Syrian Arab Republic
Declaration:
 
The Government of the Syrian Arab Republic has reviewed the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, which was signed in 1998. Having given it thorough consideration:
It declares that it has already ratified the above-mentioned Convention by virtue of legislative decree No. 35 of 13 July 2003, and that it will fully comply with and respect all its provisions, while confirming that the ratification of this Convention by the Syrian Arab Republic does not in any way constitute a recognition of Israel, and that the provisions of the Convention do not imply that the Syrian Arab Republic has to deal with that State.


 

Objections
(Unless otherwise indicated, the objections were received upon ratification, acceptance, approval, accession or succession.)


Israel

13 January 2004
With regard to the declaration made by the Syrian Arab Republic upon ratification :
"The Government of the State of Israel has noted that the instrument of ratification of the Syrian Arab Republic to the abovementioned Convention contains a declaration with respect to the State of Israel. The Government of the State of Israel considers that such declaration, which is explicitly of a political nature, is incompatible with the purposes and objectives of the Convention.
The Government of the State of Israel therefore objects to the aforesaid declaration made by the Syrian Arab Republic."
 
 
NOTES

1. In accordance with article 26 (3) of the Convention, any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization.


 
2. By decision RC-1/11 of 24 September 2004, adopted at its first meeting, held in Geneva from 20 to 24 September 2004, the Conference of the Parties to the above Convention adopted Annex VI, setting out the arbitration procedure for purposes of paragraph 2 (a) of article 20 of the Convention and the conciliation procedure for purposes of paragraph 6 of article 20 of the Convention.
In accordance with paragraph 3 (b) of article 22 of the Convention, any Party that is unable to accept an additional annex shall so notify the Depositary, in writing, within one year from the date of communication of the adoption of the additional annex by the Depositary. The Depositary shall without delay notify all Parties of any such notification received. A Party may at any time withdraw a previous notification of non-acceptance in respect of an additional annex and the annex shall thereupon enter into force for that Party subject to paragraph 3 (c) of the same article. In accordance with paragraph 3 (c), on the expiry of one year from the date of the communication by the Depositary of its adoption, Annex VI shall enter into force for all Parties that have not submitted a notification in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 3 (b).


3.
By decision RC-1/3 of 24 September 2004, adopted at its first meeting, held in Geneva from 20 to 24 September 2004, the Conference of the Parties to the above Convention adopted, in accordance with the procedure laid down in article 8 and paragraph 5 of article 22 of the Convention, the amendments to Annex III.
In accordance with paragraph 5 (c) of article 22 of the Convention, the Conference of the Parties, in the same decision, decided that "all the amendments shall enter into force on 1 February 2005, except for the amendments made by subparagraph 1 (a) and (b) of the annex to the ... decision, which shall enter into force on 1 January 2006".


4.
With the following declaration:
In accordance with the provision of article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People´s Republic of China and article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People´s Republic of China, the Government of the People´s Republic of China decides that the Convention shall apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People´s Republic of China; it shall not apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People´s Republic of China until the Government of China notifies otherwise.
 

 
5. On 26 August 2008, the Government of the People's Republic of China communicated to the Secretar-General the following declaration:

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Convention shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 
6. With a territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.


7.
For the Kingdom in Europe.



8.
With the following territorial exclusion: ".....consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."
 
 
Note: The Convention was adopted on 10 September 1998 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Convention in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. In accordance with its article 24, the Convention will be open for signature at Rotterdam by all States and regional economic integration organizations on 11 September 1998, and subsequently at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 12 September 1998 to 10 September 1999.