Rotterdam Convention •What is RC? • Overview
What are the benefits?
• Early warning system
Through the biannual PIC Circular, Parties are made aware of national bans or severe restrictions of hazardous chemicals by other Parties and information on incidents resulting from the use of hazardous pesticide formulations causing human poisoning or environmental damage.
• Informed decision-making
Parties receive a decision guidance document (DGD) for each chemical listed in Annex III of the Convention. The information contained in a DGD provides a basis for making an informed decision regarding future import of these chemicals.
• Shared responsibilities
The Convention helps Parties to better manage chemicals and to avoid the import of certain unwanted chemicals by promoting a shared responsibility among importing and exporting Parties. Importing Parties have a responsibility to make informed decisions regarding future import in a timely manner, while exporting Parties have a responsibility to ensure that exports do not occur contrary to the import decisions of importing Parties.
• Export notification
An export notification reminds an importing Party that it is going to receive a chemical that has been banned or severely restricted in the exporting Party. The importing Party may take the opportunity to seek further information on the chemical and consider whether it might need to apply risk management actions.
• Information accompanying export
Information provided on labels and the safety data sheet that are required to accompany the export of certain hazardous chemicals helps importing Parties to minimize risks to workers, others and the environment.
• Networks among DNAs
A list of the contact details for all DNAs nominated by Parties under the Convention is available on the Convention website and circulated with the PIC Circular every six months. It constitutes a network of individuals with knowledge and experience in the implementation of the Rotterdam Convention.The Convention establishes the principle that export of a chemical covered by the Convention can only take place with the prior informed consent of the importing party. The Convention establishes a "Prior Informed Consent procedure," a means for formally obtaining and disseminating the decisions of importing countries as to whether they wish to receive future shipments of specified chemicals and for ensuring compliance with these decisions by exporting countries.
The Convention also contains provisions for the exchange of information among Parties about potentially hazardous chemicals that may be exported and imported.