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Checklist

 

A checklist on industrial chemicals has been prepared to support Parties with key elements required to address the sound management of industrial chemicals. The checklist is intended to be used as a tool during Technical Assistance activities for Parties to support the safe management of industrial chemicals. This checklist will provide Parties with some key elements to address industrial chemicals at the national level. It will also address synergies on industrial chemicals between the three conventions as well as with SAICM.

Checklist to Assess Country Programs on Industrial Chemicals

  1. Is there a policy, legal or administrative framework in place or in development?
     
    • Policy statement?
    • Legislation and regulations?
    • Administrative framework?
    • Criminal or other type of offences?
  2. Are the overall objectives of the program specified?
     
    • Protecting human health? (workers? general public?)
    • Protecting the environment?
    • Protecting and conserving biodiversity?
    • Contributing to sustainable development?
  3. Are any principles, policies or approaches incorporated in the framework?
     
    • Life cycle approach?
    • Precautionary approach?
    • 'Polluter Pays' Principle?
  4. Has the scope of the program been clearly defined?
     
    • Elements and compounds?
    • Individual chemicals?
    • Classes of chemicals?
    • Formulations (i.e., intentional mixtures of two or more substances)?
    • Articles?
    • By-products of manufacturing or combustion processes?
    • All industrial chemicals, or only hazardous ones?
    • New chemicals? Existing (in-use) chemicals?
  5. What institutional arrangements are in place or proposed?
     
    • Has an institution been assigned the responsibility for implementation of the program?
    • Does the program include a product register or licensing scheme?
    • Is there an open, inclusive and transparent process for all activities pertaining to industrial chemicals?
  6. Are there coordination and consultation arrangements to engage interested stakeholders?
     
    • Various levels of government?
    • Industry?
    • Academia?
    • General public?
    • Intergovernmental organisations?
  7. Does legislation or regulation provide the national government and authorities with the power to:
     
    • Assess the risks posed by a chemical to human health and/or the environment?
    • Assess the chemical and physical properties of a substance and available data on its presence, levels and trends in environmental media, wildlife, food and humans, to gain an understanding of how the chemical is distributed, transformed and transported in environmental media once it is released to the environment?
    • Consider releases from the widest range of activities including during research and development, manufacturing and processing, handling and transportation, storage, accidents involving manufacturing and transportation, the use of products and articles, and disposal of wastes from manufacturing processes and from the end-of-life stage of products (i.e., the life cycle of the chemical)?
    • Estimate exposures of humans and/or environmental organisms to the chemical from various uses, media, products and food?
    • Assess the toxicological properties and associated dose-response relationships of the chemical in humans and other organisms, based on laboratory and field studies?
    • Compare predicted and/or actual exposure levels of humans and/or other organisms to the dose levels that cause toxicological effects?
    • Make conclusions on the likelihood of adverse effects on humans or environmental organisms at various exposure levels?
    • Decide whether risk management measures should be implemented to reduce or eliminate identified risks?
  8. Does legislation or regulation provide the national government and authorities with the power to:             
    • Request, collect and assess the information and data needed to implement risk assessment and risk management activities?
    • Conduct research and collect information on the scientific, technical and economic aspects of chemicals?
    • Compel a person or organisation to submit information in its possession on a specified chemical?
    • Compel a person or organisation to conduct research on a specified chemical and provide the results to the government?
    • Specify criteria for identifying information that could be considered as “confidential business information” and establish measures to protect such information from unauthorized release?
    • Establish a national pollutant release and transfer registry (PRTR)?
    • Publish and/or make publicly available information on:
      - the identification of chemicals as priorities for risk assessment and risk management?
      - the results of monitoring and evaluation activities, including information on the presence, levels and trends of chemicals in environmental media, wildlife and/or humans?
       - the results of risk assessments of chemicals?
       - proposed risk management measures?
       
  9. Does legislation or regulation provide the national government and authorities with the power to:
    • Develop measures to prevent or control the generation, use and/or release of chemicals to reduce or eliminate the unacceptable risks that are identified in the risk assessment process?
    • Develop options to prevent or control the hazards and risks identified in a risk assessment or to implement measures at the national level to fulfill the obligations of a Party under an international agreement?
    • Reflect national policies and priorities in the process of selecting options to prevent or control risks?
    • Consider the pertinent socio-economic factors associated with proposed options?
    • Consult with interested ministries within government, other levels of government within a country, affected industries and the public?
    • Draft legislation and/or regulations to implement the selected risk management option(s)?
    • Develop compliance and enforcement programs to ensure that the risk management measures are properly implemented by the affected industries and that the measures are producing the desired results?
       

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